Mac|Life - How-Tos en Ask: How to Fix a Mac's Broken Find Function <!--paging_filter--><p>Got an Apple, Mac, or iOS tech question? We've got the answer. This time the focus is on the Find and Spotlight functions in Mac OS X, which can be essential for locating files on your computer. But what do you do when that function just stops working? We'll show you how to get it running again.</p><h3>Question</h3><p>I recently moved all my content to a new Mac running OS X Yosemite, and everything is working great except that the Finder won't actually find anything! When I hit Command + F and run a search, most files aren't showing up, even ones that I can actually see and know should be there. How do I fix this?</p><h3>Answer</h3><p>When the Find command stops working properly, usually it means that the contents of your Mac need to be re-indexed. Fortunately, it's a pretty easy process.&nbsp;</p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2015/05/ask_fixfind.png" width="620" height="564" /><br /><strong>If your files aren't showing up in searches, add your hard drive to this list, then remove it.</strong></p><p>Start by opening your System Preferences, then select Spotlight. Click on the privacy tab. Here you'll see any private locations that aren't going to be searched when you use the Find command or run a Spotlight search. Though it might seem counterintuitive, drag the icon for your hard drive(s) onto the list — or, if you'd prefer, just drag over any specific folders that you think aren't being searched. Once you've done that, click the folders or hard drives you just added, then hit the minus button to remove them from the list, which will cause their contents to be re-added to the search index.&nbsp;</p><p>The reindexing process can potentially take a long time (several hours) depending on how many files you have, but once it's done, your searching capabilities should be restored.</p> Ask Columns find finder search spotlight Tips tricks Mac How-Tos Fri, 22 May 2015 16:00:00 +0000 Chris Hoffman 21648 at How to Do More in Safari for iOS with Extensions <!--paging_filter--><p>A long-standing complaint about iOS is the tight degree of control Apple exercises over what apps are able to do. Those restrictions have been relaxed in iOS 8 to allow apps to extend the system’s capabilities in defined ways. This means you aren’t reliant on Apple adding support for a particular social network to be able to share something directly to it, and kludgy workarounds such as special bookmarklets that send a web page to an online service are no longer necessary.</p><p>Extensions enable photo-editing apps to make filters and tools available within the Camera and Photos apps. Information from apps can be displayed in widgets in Notification Center’s Today panel, and acted upon from there. New keyboards enable entirely new input methods to be used, which can make life easier when typing into forms, for example. But it’s the aforementioned ability to share a page to new places and perform new actions upon it, such as translating it between languages, that is particularly relevant in Safari.</p><p>Let’s take a look now at where to find apps that add extensions, and find out how to activate, manage, and remove them.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><h3>How to Find Extensions</h3><p><strong>1. Finding Extensions</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2015/05/howtoextensions-find1.png" width="620" height="430" /></p><p>There’s no Extensions category in the App Store because apps of all kinds include them, but Apple showcases good examples <a href="" target="_blank">here</a>. If you have a recent version of something there, you also have its extension, but you may not like an extension forcing its way onto the sheet that appears when you tap a Share button, so turning it on is up to you.</p><p><strong>2. Extensions for Sharing</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2015/05/howtoextensions-find2.png" width="620" height="439" /></p><p>Apple’s curated selection is organized by the types of extension. Scroll each row horizontally to see highlights, and tap See All, towards the right of any row, for more. The bottom two groups contain Share and Action extensions — look here to add support for social networks and online services not accommodated by iOS itself.</p><p><strong>3. Install an Extension</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2015/05/howtoextensions-find3.png" width="620" height="414" /></p><p>Pocket is a bookmarking service similar to Safari’s built-in Reading List but with some organizational features that Apple’s offering lacks. Download it now. That’s all that’s required to get an app’s extension on your iPhone. Using this one requires an additional step, besides turning it on: open its app and follow the prompts to sign up for the free online service.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><hr /><p>&nbsp;</p><h3>How to Manage and Use Extensions</h3><p><strong>1. See What’s Available</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2015/05/howtoextensions-manage1.png" width="620" height="450" /></p><p>After signing in through the Pocket app, visit a page in Safari and tap the Share button in the bottom toolbar. In the Action sheet, Share extensions appear in the middle row. They might send the page to an app or an online service, or post a link to it on a social network. Tap the More button at the far right of the row for a list of all available Share extensions on your phone.</p><p><strong>2. Turn on and Arrange</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2015/05/howtoextensions-manage2.png" width="620" height="440" /></p><p>Switch Pocket on to make its extension appear in the Action sheet. Tap and hold on the right-most icon in each line (the one with three lines), then drag up or down to change the order of enabled extensions in the Action sheet, saving you having to swipe to reach favorites. (As of iOS 8.0.2, this setting seems to be forgotten when your device is restarted.) Tap Done.</p><p><strong>3. Try it Out</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2015/05/howtoextensions-manage3.png" width="620" height="440" /></p><p>Now tap Pocket’s icon in the middle row of the Action sheet to save the current page to your account. On the right-hand side of the confirmation that appears in the middle of the screen, tap the tag to assign keywords — helpful if you save lots, and on different subjects. Open the Pocket app and it’ll download the page you bookmarked so it can be viewed while offline.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><h3>How to Disable and Remove Extensions</h3><p><strong>1. Disable Extensions</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2015/05/howtoextensions-disable1.png" width="620" height="441" /></p><p>If you decide to try out, say, a rival to an online service, because it promises additional features, you can temporarily disable the extension for your existing service without removing it altogether. With the alternative app installed, go back to the Action sheet and tap More. Switch off the old extension, and enable the alternative you want to evaluate.</p><p><strong>2. Disable Keyboards</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2015/05/howtoextensions-disable2.png" width="620" height="412" /></p><p>Keyboards can be hidden from the list that appears when the smiley face/globe key is held down. Go to Settings &gt; General &gt; Keyboards, tap Keyboards at the top of that page, swipe right to left on the one to disable, then tap Delete. (Don’t worry, this won’t delete that keyboard from your iPad or iPhone.) Tap Add New Keyboard... on the same page to re-enable it.</p><p><strong>3. Remove Extensions</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2015/05/howtoextensions-disable3.png" width="620" height="430" /></p><p>Extensions are properly removed from your iPad only when you remove the app they came with. Tap and hold on the app’s Home screen icon, then tap the cross that appears at its top left corner. If you later reinstall the app, iOS remembers whether its extensions — including keyboards — were turned on.</p> extensions Safari Tips tricks iPad iPhone iPod How-Tos Wed, 20 May 2015 23:07:45 +0000 Alan Stonebridge 21642 at Easy Mac Hacks: Automatically Shut Down Your Mac at a Specified Time <!--paging_filter--><p><em><img src="/files/u12635/easy_mac_hacks_icon_flat_51.png" width="200" height="200" class="graphic-right" />Every Monday we show you how to do something quick and cool with Mac OS X. Sometimes it's a tutorial on a lesser-known feature, other times it's a trick that uses built-in functionality such as Terminal — either way, these simple tips can make life better and easier, and they don’t require any special knowledge. All you need to do is follow the instructions!<br /></em><br />With the Terminal, you can have a wide variety of control when it comes to shutting down your Mac. Most of the time, you'll probably want to shut down your Mac instantly, but other times you may want to shut it down at a specific time, or after a specific number of minutes or hours have elapsed. This can be useful for times when you want to leave your Mac performing a task, but then have it shut down after the task will be completed while you walk away from the computer. Continue reading and we'll show you how this shut down task can be used in the Terminal.<br /><br />Begin scheduling the shut down of your Mac by opening the Terminal app (located in /Applications/Utilities) on your Mac.</p><p><a class="thickbox" href="/files/u12635/screen_shot_2015-05-18_at_3.02.17_pm.png"><img src="/files/u12635/screen_shot_2015-05-18_at_3.02.17_pm.png" width="620" height="435" class="thickbox" /></a><br /><br />If you want to shut down your Mac after a certain number of minutes — say, 10 — then type the following command:</p><pre>sudo shutdown -h +10</pre><p>This specific command will begin the shut down process of your Mac after 10 minutes, but you can replace the "10" in the above command with any number of minutes you desire. (<em>Note: Because this command requires super user privileges, you will need to input the administrator password before the command is processed.)</em><br /><br />Once the command has been run, the Terminal will display the time of the next shut down. If you close the window, or press Control + C inside of the window, the shutdown command will be canceled.</p> Down Easy Mac Hack Easy Mac Hacks hacks How to Mac shut Shutdown shutdown -r Terminal Mac How-Tos Mon, 18 May 2015 17:21:13 +0000 Cory Bohon 21630 at Ask: Yosemite Mouse Malfunction <!--paging_filter--><p>Have an Apple, Mac, or iOS tech question? We've got the answer. This time, we have a reader who's been experiencing strange problems with her mouse since upgrading to OS X Yosemite. We'll take a look at a way to make those problems go away.</p><h3>Question</h3><p>Since upgrading to Yosemite, there has been an issue with the mouse cursor and it's behavior. Depending on the use, the cursor blinks, jitters, and switch between the cursor and the hand. It also jumps when trying to draw lines in Photoshop to a point that it's unusable. How can I fix this?&nbsp;</p><h3>Answer</h3><p>This has not been a reported issue in Yosemite that we've previously heard of; however, there's always a chance that with your hardware and software combination there could be something going on. Before heading out to the Genius Bar, though, there is something that you can definitely try to resolve this: an OS X reinstall.&nbsp;</p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2015/05/ask_reinstall.png" width="620" height="391" /><br /><strong><span style="font-size: x-small;">Sometimes, if you're experiencing a weird problem on your Mac, the best option is to reinstall OS X.</span></strong></p><p>Before reinstalling, first back up your Mac with Time Machine or use another backup utility to protect your valuable files. Though a reinstall shouldn't erase your content, it's always good to have a "just in case" backup.</p><p>To begin the reinstall process, perform these steps:&nbsp;</p><p>1. Restart your Mac while holding down the Command + R key to boot into recovery mode. (If you're not connected to Wi-Fi, you'll be prompted to select a wireless network to connect to.)</p><p>2. When the recovery interface finishes loading, select "Reinstall OS X," then Continue.</p><p>3. Follow the on-screen instructions to reinstall OS X.</p><p>This process will overwrite any potentially corrupt system configuration files. Once the reinstall has completed, try to see if you can still replicate the problem. If you can, then there might be an issue with mouse hardware or the surface on which you're using the mouse.&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Ask is written by Cory Bohon, a freelance technology writer, indie Mac and iOS developer, and amateur photographer.</p><p>Got an Apple tech question? Email <a href="" target="_blank"></a>.</p> Ask Mouse OS X reinstall Tips tricks troubleshooting yosemite Mac How-Tos Fri, 15 May 2015 16:00:00 +0000 Cory Bohon 21621 at How to Delete Duplicate Photos on a Mac <!--paging_filter--><p>Just how much of your hard-drive space is taken up by duplicated photos? Well, thanks to two free programs — Duplicate Photos Cleaner and Duplicate Cleaner for iPhoto — you can easily go through a selected drive, folder, or iPhoto library and weed out unnecessary copies, potentially freeing up gigabytes of drive space.</p><p>Both apps are available through the App Store and work in a similar way. The only real difference is how you select what to scan; the step-by-step guide below outlines what to do with Duplicate Photos Cleaner, while Duplicate Cleaner for iPhoto will first ask you to launch iPhoto, then select your chosen iPhoto library before going through it looking for duplicates.</p><p>Note that Duplicate Photos Cleaner can’t compare the contents of multiple drives at once, so you won’t inadvertently delete photos backed up to a different drive than the one you’re scanning. Also beware that cleaning photos using either program means deleting them — they aren’t simply moved to the Trash. So proceed with caution, and back up first!</p><h3>Quick look: Duplicate Cleaner</h3><p><img src="/files/u324771/duplicate_photos_anno.png" width="600" /></p><p><strong>A. Match Edited Photos:&nbsp;</strong>By default, Duplicate Cleaner for iPhoto won’t match photos if one has been modified. To change this, select Duplicate Cleaner for iPhoto &gt; Preferences and check this box.</p><p><strong>B. How Photos Are Matched:&nbsp;</strong>Both apps match images via their file signatures, so identical photos that happen to have different names will show up too.</p><p><strong>C. Filter Results:&nbsp;</strong>You can use the app to search only for duplicate photos or videos, or search for all media by clicking the menu button. Other options allow you to filter or sort results further.</p><p><strong>D. Empty Trash:&nbsp;</strong>Duplicate Cleaner for iPhoto doesn’t delete files, but places them in the iPhoto Trash. In iPhoto choose Empty Trash to remove them for good.</p><p>&nbsp;</p> Gallery duplicate Duplicate Cleaner for iPhoto Duplicate Photos Cleaner How to images iPhoto Mac OS X Photos Mac How-Tos Tue, 12 May 2015 18:12:23 +0000 Nick Peers 21614 at Easy Mac Hacks: Change computer name from the Terminal in OS X <!--paging_filter--><p><em><img src="/files/u12635/easy_mac_hacks_icon_flat_50.png" width="200" height="200" class="graphic-right" />Every Monday we show you how to do something quick and cool with Mac OS X. Sometimes it's a tutorial on a lesser-known feature, other times it's a trick that uses built-in functionality such as Terminal — either way, these simple tips can make life better and easier, and they don’t require any special knowledge. All you need to do is follow the instructions!<br /></em><br />Changing your computer's network name is something that can be easily done via System Preferences; however, if you have a Mac connected to your network without a display running as an iTunes or other media server, then you may only ever interact with your Mac via SSH in the Terminal. If this is the case, then you can easily change the network name of your Mac via the Terminal with just a few tips that we'll show you in this article. Continue reading to learn all of the details.<br /><br />Using this Terminal way of setting the computer name, you can easily fine tune how the computer is displayed to the network, and to Bonjour-based services that run on your network (such as Bonjour messaging). You cannot easily set these items separately in OS X's GUI.</p><p><a class="thickbox" href="/files/u12635/computername_2.png"><img src="/files/u12635/computername_2.png" width="620" height="435" class="thickbox" /></a></p><p>To begin doing this, open the Terminal (located in /Applications/Utilities), or SSH into the Mac that you will be changing this setting on. Next, perform the following steps:<br /><br />Type in the following command, replacing "name" with a user-friendly name that will identify the computer:</p><pre>scutil --set ComputerName "name"</pre><p><br />Once you press return, this name will be set. Next, type the following command, replacing "name" with the name that you wish to display on your local network to Bonjour-based services:</p><pre>scutil --set LocalHostName "name"</pre><p><br />Finally, you can also configure and set how the computer is displayed when connecting through SSH, and the name shown inside of the Terminal by typing the following command, replacing "name" with the name you want to use to display in the Terminal and when connecting to the machine over SSH:</p><pre>scutil --set HostName "name"</pre><p>&nbsp;</p><p><a class="thickbox" href="/files/u12635/computername_1.png"><img src="/files/u12635/computername_1.png" width="555" height="344" /></a><br />Note: When specifying a LocalHostName and HostName, you should not have spaces in the name. After you press return for each of the items above, you will be prompted to enter your administrator password to authenticate the changes.<br /><br />After you've set all of these items, you can type this command into the Terminal to ensure that the proper items were set:</p><pre>scutil --get HostName</pre><p><br />If everything looks good, then you can close the Terminal and enjoy the newly set names; otherwise, rerun any of the above commands again until you set the name you desired.</p> Bonjour change computer name Easy Mac Hack host name How to Mac scutil set Terminal Terminal 101 Mac How-Tos Mon, 11 May 2015 18:33:36 +0000 Cory Bohon 21611 at Ask: Using Arrow Key Shortcuts <!--paging_filter--><p>Have an Apple, Mac, or iOS tech question? We've got the answer. This time, we've got some handy shortcuts that help you out when you're working on documents on the MacBook family of computers or using any smaller Mac keyboard that lacks the numeric keypad.</p><h3>Question</h3><p>I have a problem with the way the Up and Down arrow keys work on my MacBook Air: Whenever I hold down Command + Up/Down arrows, the page jumps to either the very top of the document or the very bottom. Is there a way to change this so that the Up/Down arrow keys &nbsp;move the document in single-page increments?&nbsp;</p><h3>Answer</h3><p>If you're used to a Windows computer, then move to a MacBook and try using the page up/down command, then the way the Mac handles this may be a bit jolting to you. Fortunately, there is a way to do exactly what you need, and it involves the mysterious and oft-unutilized fn key on the lower-left of the keyboard.</p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2015/05/ask_keyboard.png" width="620" height="312" /></p><p>Here are the common arrow-key shortcuts that can be used while editing documents on the Mac (plus another fn-related shortcut for good measure). Most Mac software, including Pages and Word, supports these commands:&nbsp;</p><p><span style="white-space: pre;"> </span>• fn + Up arrow = page up&nbsp;</p><p><span style="white-space: pre;"> </span>• fn + Down arrow = page down&nbsp;</p><p><span style="white-space: pre;"> </span>• fn + Left arrow = home (beginning of document)</p><p><span style="white-space: pre;"> </span>• fn + Right arrow = end of document</p><p><span style="white-space: pre;"> </span>• fn + Delete = forward delete&nbsp;</p><p>Hopefully these shortcuts help you to better use office software on your Mac!&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Ask is written by Cory Bohon, a freelance technology writer, indie Mac and iOS developer, and amateur photographer.</p><p>Got an Apple tech question? Email <a href="" target="_blank"></a>.</p> arrow keys Ask fn key Keyboard keyboard shortcuts Shortcuts Mac How-Tos Fri, 08 May 2015 16:00:00 +0000 Cory Bohon 21597 at 37 Excellent Apple Watch Tips & Tricks <!--paging_filter--> Gallery How-Tos Wed, 06 May 2015 22:45:45 +0000 Christopher Phin 21590 at 12 Super-Useful iMessage Texting Tips for iPhone and iPad <!--paging_filter--><p><img src="/files/u332541/2015/05/messages_icon_200.png" width="200" height="200" class="graphic-right" />The Messages app is probably one of the most frequently used apps on your iOS device. It's the most common place to send text and multimedia messages, and it’s also packed with advanced features for managing conversations. Many of these features are tied into Apple’s iMessage system, so they won’t work with SMS-only contacts. An iMessage is a type of message that can be sent only between Apple devices, whether they be iPhones, iPads, iPod touches, or Macs — as long as they’re online.</p><p>Messages saves you resorting to a social network such as Facebook to arrange meeting up with a number of people. That’s because iMessage allows everyone who has an Apple device to take part in a group conversation so that the details can be agreed upon together. When plans are less definite, you can share your location — either at that point in time, or with live updates for a few hours if you’re likely to roam elsewhere.</p><p>The Messages app also gives you control over how intrusive any conversation can get, regardless of whether it takes place by iMessage or SMS, by suppressing notifications about one while allowing another to still grab your attention.&nbsp;</p><p>Also welcome is the fact that Messages — and the Phone and FaceTime apps, too — can block unwanted contact, whether it’s from people you know or cold calls from salespeople. Being able to stop the latter is especially welcome these days! Check the gallery below for more handy tips that will let you take advantage of all of the features of Messages and iMessage.</p> Gallery group messaging iMessage messages sms Text Message iPad iPhone iPod How-Tos Tue, 05 May 2015 22:37:45 +0000 Alan Stonebridge 21589 at Easy Mac Hack: Disable Shadows in OS X Screenshots <!--paging_filter--><p><em><img src="/files/u12635/easy_mac_hacks_icon_flat_49.png" width="200" height="200" class="graphic-right" /></em></p><p><span style="font-style: italic;">Every Monday we show you how to do something quick and cool with Mac OS X. Sometimes it's a tutorial on a lesser-known feature, other times it's a trick that uses built-in functionality such as Terminal — either way, these simple tips can make life better and easier, and they don’t require any special knowledge. All you need to do is follow the instructions!</span><br style="font-style: italic;" /></p><p>This week's trick is a double whammy. First, in the event you're unfamiliar with how to screen-grab windows in OS X, we've got a quick refresher. Second, if you've done so, then you've probably noticed that it adds a subtle shadow around your images. The shadow looks nice sometimes, but may not always be appropriate (such as when you're snapping screenshots for use in publications like here at Mac|Life). If you've ever wanted to get rid of those shadows, then this article is for you.</p><p>To screen-grab a window, press Command + Shift + 4 on your keyboard, then press the space bar. Your cursor will turn into a camera icon; place it over any window to highlight it, then click to take a pixel-perfect screenshot — usually with a shadow behind it added for effect.</p><p><a class="thickbox" href="/files/u12635/screenshots.png"><img src="/files/u12635/screenshots.png" width="620" height="398" class="thickbox" /></a></p><p><br />To remove the subtle shadow, launch Terminal (located in /Applications/Utilities), then type in the following command:</p><pre>defaults write disable-shadow -bool true</pre><p>Once this command is entered, press the enter key, then type the next command to restart the SystemUIServer:</p><pre>killall SystemUIServer</pre><p>When you type this command, you'll see the screen flash, then return to normal. After this command is entered, you can close the Terminal.<br /><br />Whenever you take screenshots using the method mentioned above, there will be no shadow added to the window.<br /><br />If you wish to bring the shadow back, type the same the command into terminal, except replace "true" with "false" when entering it. Doing so will cause the shadows to return to your screenshots.</p> Easy Mac Hacks How to How tos Mac screencapture screenshots shadows Terminal 101 Mac How-Tos Mon, 04 May 2015 17:13:12 +0000 Cory Bohon 21585 at