Mac|Life - How-Tos en Ask: Mac Speaker/Headphone Problem <!--paging_filter--><p>Got an Apple, Mac, or iOS tech question? We have the answer. In this week's installment of Ask, we'll let you know what to do if your Mac's audio is playing through its speakers when you're trying to use headphones.</p><p><strong>Question: Whenever I try using headphones with my iMac, the internal speakers remain active, so I get audio through the speakers in addition to my headphones. Why is this happening and how can I fix it so the sound is only coming through the headphones?</strong></p><p>Answer: This is an issue that can easily happen if you are using USB-based headphones. By default, OS X will keep playing sound through the internal speakers even after a USB headset has been connected. Fortunately, this is easy to correct. Follow these steps to correct the issue, and get your Mac playing audio through the desired location:&nbsp;</p><p>01. In the top left corner of the screen, click on the Apple logo and select "System Preferences."</p><p>02. Select the "Sound" System Preference Pane.&nbsp;</p><p>03. Go to both "Output" and "Input," and select your headset in both menus. If the change does not take place automatically, close the menu (by pressing the red button in the top left corner of the window), and disconnect then reconnect the headset.&nbsp;</p><p>This set of steps should only need to be performed once when your headphones experience this issue.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/ask_headphones.png" width="620" height="461" /><br /><strong><span style="font-size: x-small;">Use the Sound preferences to make sure that your Mac's audio is being emitted only through the headphones.</span></strong></p><p>Ask is written by Cory Bohon, a freelance technology writer, indie Mac and iOS developer, and amateur photographer.</p><p>Got a tech question? Email <a href="" target="_blank"></a>.</p> Ask Audio bluetooth Columns Headphones speakers Tips tricks Mac How-Tos Fri, 29 Aug 2014 17:05:00 +0000 Cory Bohon 20545 at How to Customize the Dock <!--paging_filter--><p>The Dock pane within System Preferences provides options to change many aspects of the Dock’s appearance and behavior. For example, you can adjust its size, edge position (left, bottom, right) and magnification level when you hover the cursor over icons. Additionally, there are two minimization effects to choose from, and settings for toggling the app-launch bounce, Dock auto-hide, and active application indicators.</p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/dock_main_620.png" width="620" height="388" /></p><p>But System Preferences doesn’t tell the whole story, because Apple hides a number of extra options from the user interface. Even so, you can access them by using Terminal, found in /Applications/Utilities. This command-line tool enables you to write to the Dock’s preferences file, turning on (or off) hidden preferences, and further changing the nature of your Dock. Terminal is one of those apps that tends to scare newcomers, but playing around with the Dock is a good introduction to using the tool.&nbsp;</p><p>You should find any apprehension disappear as you successfully enter a command or two and see the changes to your Dock. If you don’t like what you end up with, the process is also entirely reversible. You can merely turn off everything you’ve turned on, but a quicker way to revert the Dock is to replace its preferences file with a back-up, which we’ll also show you how to do in this tutorial.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><h3>Backup Your Dock First</h3><p><strong>1. Copy the Preferences</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/dock_1.png" width="620" height="388" /></strong></p><p>Before editing your Dock, make a copy of its preferences file. In Finder, hold Option and click Go in the top bar. From the drop-down menu, select Library to open the hidden user Library folder. Within, open the Preferences folder and find <strong></strong>. Now hold Option and drag the file to the Desktop, thereby making a copy of it. Store this in a folder elsewhere that also includes the date the copy was made.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>2. Restore Preferences</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/dock_2.png" width="620" height="388" /></strong></p><p>To restore your backed-up preferences, copy the file you saved out in Step 1 to your Library’s Preferences folder. For Mountain Lion, entering <em>killall Dock</em> in Terminal restarts old settings. Mavericks has more aggressive caching, so type <em>defaults read</em> in Terminal and drag the file from the Library to it. Hit Enter, then <em>killall Dock</em> to restart the Dock with your settings.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>3. Go Nuclear</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/dock_3.png" width="620" height="403" /></strong></p><p>Reverting the Dock to default depends on the OS that you are running on your Mac. In Mountain Lion, simply trash from the Preferences folder and use <em>killall Dock</em> in Terminal. For Mavericks, delete the file using Terminal: type <em>defaults delete; killall Dock</em>. Or, reset the Dock to run apps with <em>defaults write static-only -bool true; killall Dock</em>.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><h3>How to Redesign Your Dock</h3><p><strong>1. Pin the Dock</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/dock_a.png" width="620" height="261" /></strong></p><p>The Dock can be pinned to a corner. Type <em>defaults write pinning start; killall Dock</em> and it moves to the left or top. Use <em>end</em> instead of <em>start</em> to move the Dock to the right/bottom; <em>middle</em>&nbsp;is the default.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>2. Adjust Dock Transparency</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/dock_b.png" width="620" height="314" /></strong></p><p>Bring back Mountain Lion’s transparency by typing <em>defaults write hide-mirror -bool true; killall Dock</em> into Terminal. To make hidden apps’ icons semi-transparent, use <em>defaults write showhidden -bool true; killall Dock</em>. In both cases, switching <em>true</em> for <em>false</em> reverts to default settings.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>3. Activate Single-app Mode</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/dock_c.png" width="620" height="138" /></strong></p><p>OS X has a single-app mode, which means if you click a Dock icon, every other app is hidden. Activate using <em>defaults write single-app -bool true; killall Dock</em>. Again, replacing <em>true</em> with <em>false</em> reverts this setting to OS X’s default.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>4. Change the Hiding Delay</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/dock_d.png" width="620" height="253" /></strong></p><p>Remove the show/hide animation by typing <em>defaults write autohide-time-modifier -int 0; killall Dock</em>. Revert by using <em>defaults write autohide-time-modifier -float 1; killall Dock</em>, or adjust “1” to experiment with different animation speeds — for example, 0.5 is faster (half the time) and 2 is slower (twice the time).</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>5. Add App Spacers</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/dock_e.png" width="620" height="173" /></strong></p><p>Invisible spacers can be added to group apps. Each time you use this command, a new spacer is added: <em>defaults write persistent-apps -array-add '{tile-data={}; tile-type="spacer-tile";}'; killall Dock</em>. Replace <em>persistent-apps</em> with <em>persistent-others</em> to place a spacer on the right-hand side of the Dock. To get rid of one, right-click it and select Remove from Dock, or simply drag it out of the Dock onto your desktop.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>6. Define Custom Dock Stacks</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/dock_f.png" width="620" height="303" /></strong></p><p>Stacks are folders added to the right side of the Dock. OS X has hidden custom stacks for recent items. Each time you input <em>defaults write persistent-others -array-add '{"tile-data" = {"list-type" = 1;}; "tile-type" = "recents-tile";}'; killall Dock</em>, a stack is added. Right-click to show documents, servers, or favorite volumes/items.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>7. Take a Shortcut</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/dock_g.png" width="620" height="410" /></strong></p><p>The idea of this tutorial is to update the Dock while learning a bit about the Terminal. However, if you want Dock changes but don’t fancy doing any of that pesky typing, you can install TinkerTool (<a href="" target="_blank"></a>) and use the various options found within its Dock section. Should you later decide you want to revert all changes, TinkerTool has a Reset option (to pre-TinkerTool state or defaults), but you should also follow the back-up advice before using the app, just in case.</p> customize desktop dock Terminal Tips tricks Mac How-Tos Tue, 26 Aug 2014 23:22:27 +0000 Craig Grannell 20533 at Easy Mac Hacks: Customize the "All My Files" section of the Finder <!--paging_filter--><p><em><img src="/files/u12635/easy_mac_hacks_icon_flat_13.png" width="200" height="200" class="graphic-right" />Every Monday we show you how to do something quick and cool using built-in OS X utilities such as Terminal, Apple’s command line application. These easy hacks can make life better and simpler, and don’t require any knowledge of coding — all you need is a keyboard to type 'em out!<br /></em><br />Since the introduction of Lion, Apple has included a special section in the Finder called "All My Files." As its name implies, it finds and displays all of the files on your system when clicked. This is great when you want to view a listing of all the files on your system sorted by modification time, but what if you want more control over this section of the Finder? It's possible, and we'll show you how to do just that in this Easy Mac Hacks article.</p><p><a class="thickbox" href="/files/u12635/allmyfiles.png"><img src="/files/u12635/allmyfiles.png" width="620" height="437" class="thickbox" /></a><br /><br />The "All My Files" section of the Finder is just a fancy Smart Folder. Before Mavericks, you'd have to go through the Terminal to hack your way around and customize this Smart Folder behavior, but now it couldn't be more simple. Just follow these steps:</p><ol><li>Open a new Finder window.</li><li>Select "All My Files" from the sidebar.</li><li>Click the Action icon in the toolbar. (Hint: it looks like a gear.)</li><li>Select "Show Search Criteria."</li><li>Once you do this, you'll be presented with a list of criteria that the Finder uses by default to find all of the files on your system.</li></ol><p>Using the filtering UI, you can remove any currently displayed filters by pressing the "-" button beside of the criteria; or, you can add new criteria by pressing the "+" button on any of the criteria items, then filter to your heart's content.<br /><br />When you're done, press the "Save" button at the top of the filtering list. Be sure to make a note of the default filtering items in case you ever wish to restore the functionality to the defaults without reinstalling the operating system!<br /><em><br />Follow this articles author, <a href="" target="_blank">Cory Bohon on Twitter</a>.</em></p> All My Files Columns customize Easy Mac Hacks EMH finder Mac Smart Folder Terminal Terminal 101 Mac How-Tos Mon, 25 Aug 2014 17:47:00 +0000 Cory Bohon 20481 at Ask: Play Saved Content through Apple TV <!--paging_filter--><p>Got an Apple, Mac, or iOS tech question? We have the answer. In this week's installment of Ask, we check out Apple TV and explain how you can use it play media content that's been saved to your computer.</p><p><strong>Question: I use an Apple TV, and I was wondering if there is any way to save movies or a TV series that I want to watch on my computer hard drive so that I can watch them later? I have DSL, which makes it difficult to stream my shows. Is there any way to do this with the latest Apple TV?</strong></p><p>Answer: Absolutely! Using AirPlay, you can purchase your shows, movies, and other iTunes Store content on your computer using iTunes, then play it back over your local network to the Apple TV. Because streaming the content from your computer to your Apple TV happens locally, the speed depends on your wireless router rather than your Internet connection.&nbsp;</p><p>To begin, purchase any content from the iTunes Store: movies, music, and TV shows all work with AirPlay. Next, once the content files have downloaded, navigate to iTunes, and begin playing the content using the latest version of the iTunes software.</p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/ask_airplay.png" />Selecting the <span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>AirPlay button will prompt iTunes to divert the content to an Apple TV connected to your local network.</strong></span></p><div>In the toolbar of iTunes, you’ll notice an AirPlay icon (this is compatible with all current-generation Apple TV hardware). Clicking this icon will show a list of all the AirPlay-compatible devices found on your local network. Clicking one of these devices, then playing the content through iTunes will divert the currently playing content to the remote AirPlay device on your local network instead of playing the content on your computer.&nbsp;</div><p>Another way to handle this is to set up iTunes Home Sharing. To enable this, checkout the Apple guide located at <a href="" target="_blank"></a>.</p><p>Ask is written by Cory Bohon, a freelance technology writer, indie Mac and iOS developer, and amateur photographer.</p><p>Got a tech question? Email <a href="" target="_blank"></a>.</p> airplay Apple TV Ask iTunes Store Tips tricks Mac How-Tos Fri, 22 Aug 2014 17:05:00 +0000 Cory Bohon 20510 at How to Master iOS Pages <!--paging_filter--><p>It wasn't that long ago that the only viable option for word processing was on desktop or laptop computer. But writing apps have made great strides on tablets in recent years — with the release of iOS 7, Pages even got a thorough makeover and is available to new-device owners for free (along with the other iWord apps). Pages for iOS is a powerful portable publishing tool, but it does have a bit of a learning curve. Fortunately, this guide is here to get you up to speed on everything you need to know.</p><p>Using Pages on an iPad is a much more pleasant experience than on an iPhone because of the screen size, and creating documents on your iPad is straightforward, largely thanks to the templates provided and the effective use of touch controls.</p><p>Start by choosing one of the 63 available templates, and then customize it until it fits the bill precisely. Don’t like the headline typeface? Change it. Size and color? You can change those, too. Images can be replaced with photos from your Photos app, and there are dozens of shapes available for you to add to documents. We particularly like the image masking feature, which lets you choose which parts of an image to display or hide.</p><p>The range of style options for objects is huge, and text formatting options are also diverse. When you’re done creating, your work can be sent wirelessly to an AirPrint-compatible printer, saved to iCloud, or shared using email.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><h3>Learn the Basics</h3><p><strong>1. Undo/Redo</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_further1.png" width="620" height="327" /></strong></p><p>If you delete something by mistake, or if you’ve mistyped something, you’ll want to be able to roll back your changes. There’s an Undo button at the top-left corner. Tap and hold it to reveal the Redo option. On an iPhone, you can simply shake the device to bring up the Undo option.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>2. Adjust Margins</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_further2.png" width="620" height="333" /></strong></p><p>Tap the wrench icon and choose Document Setup. The view changes to a vertical page preview that shows the page’s margins. Adjust these by tapping and dragging the arrows. Alter the paper size by tapping Change Paper Size at the bottom of the screen.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>3. Image Watermarks</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_further3.png" width="620" height="300" /></strong></p><p>To turn an image into a watermark, add the image, then resize it to fit where you want the watermark to appear. Tap the Paintbrush icon, choose the Style tab, and then choose Style Options &gt; Effects. Drag the opacity slider to the left. Options to add a shadow or reflection are also found here.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>4. Create Tab Stops</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_further4_0.png" width="620" height="326" /></strong></p><p>Bring up the ruler by tapping on some text. Select the text you want to adjust, and then tap on the ruler to insert tab stops. Double-tap a tab stop to change its type: a diamond indicates center-aligned, a triangle pointing left is right-aligned, while a circle is decimal-aligned.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>5. Headers and Footers</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_further5_0.png" /></p><p>With your document open, tap the wrench icon and then choose Document Setup. At the top and bottom of the page you can type a header and a footer in the boxes. The text you type is added to the Section Master, so the header and footer appears on every page.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>6. Page Numbers</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_further6.png" width="620" height="276" /></strong></p><p>To add page numbers, follow the same route as for headers and footers, but when you tap on either the header or footer box, select Page Numbers from the pop-up menu that appears until you start typing. Select a presentation style from the menu, and then tap Done at the top left.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>7. Tidy Up</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_further7.png" width="620" height="317" /></strong></p><p>Tap Documents at the top left to see your files. Tap Edit and then tap all but one of the documents you want to put in a folder. Tap and drag one of the selection and the other items will follow it. Drop the selection onto the remaining, unselected document to put them all in a new folder.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>8. Find Text</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_further8.png" width="620" height="298" /></p><p>While viewing a document, tap the wrench and choose Find to reveal a search bar. In it, enter the text you want to find. Instances of that text are highlighted, and the arrows at the right step through them. Tap the cog on the left to find and replace text, and for stricter matching options.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>9. Import Attachments</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_further9.png" width="620" height="367" /></strong></p><p>You don’t have to use iTunes on your Mac to get existing documents into Pages on your iPad. You can send Pages or Word documents as an attachment to an email. On receipt, tap and hold the attachment’s icon in the email and select Open in Pages from the options that appear.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><h3>Make Pages Within Pages</h3><p><strong>1. Getting a New Page</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_pages1.png" width="620" height="373" /></p><p>Sometimes, Pages’ minimalist interface can be irritating. Here’s a case in point: you could spend a long time trying to work out how to get the app to start a fresh new page in a multi-page document, when the command to do this is hidden in plain sight behind an icon. With the keyboard showing, simply tap the + button at its top-right corner to reveal the options you need for inserting line breaks, column breaks and the all-important page breaks, as well as footnotes and comments.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>2. Adjust Page Margins</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_pages2.png" width="620" height="283" /></strong></p><p>To adjust the size of your document, you can manipulate the page margins by using the ruler. To show the ruler, tap the wrench icon at the top of the screen and enable Settings &gt; Ruler. To align your text, set the tab stops along the ruler to align text on the left, right, center or decimal point. Tap on the ruler to place an insertion point, or hold and drag a tab stop icon until it’s in the correct position. You can insert as many tab stops as you want. To hide the ruler and the keyboard, tap the bottom-right key.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><h3>Edit Text Like a Pro</h3><p><strong>1. Selecting Text</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_edit1.png" /></strong></p><p>It’s not obvious how to select text in Pages. You can double-tap to select a word, or triple-tap to select an entire paragraph at once. To select all the text, either tap and hold, then choose Select All from the menu that pops up, or use Command + A on a paired Bluetooth keyboard. To adjust the selection, tap one of the blue handles to grab it, and then drag your finger forwards or backwards through the document.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>2. Using Spellcheck</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_edit2.png" /></strong></p><p>Suspected misspellings are shown with a dotted red underline. To correct them, double-tap on the mistake, then tap Replace and pick the correct word from the suggestions. If there’s only one available suggestion, you’re shown this as soon as you tap on a word, and you can tap to accept it. This menu also tells you if the spellchecker is totally stumped and has no replacement word available.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>3. Undoing Text Errors</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_edit3.png" width="620" height="247" /></strong></p><p>Sometimes you move an image accidentally or make a mistake while you’re typing. This is easily fixed in the iPhone version of Pages by simply shaking your phone and then selecting either Undo or Redo, as appropriate. If this doesn’t work, make sure you’ve tapped Done or finished your current task and then try shaking your phone again. On the iPad, tap the bottom-left key to reveal an Undo key.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><h3>Make Documents More Interesting</h3><p><strong>1. Anchoring Images</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_interesting1.png" width="620" height="451" /></strong></p><p>Images and shapes can be anchored so they move with the text – this is usually referred to as an inline image – or made to float above the text, with the option of wrapping text around the graphic. Tap the + at the top of the screen to insert an image, and then tap the Paintbrush icon at the top of the screen. Tap Arrange &gt; Wrap, and choose your anchor and wrap options. Icons help to describe their effects.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>2. Cropping Pictures</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_interesting2_0.png" /></strong></p><p>If the picture you want to use is the wrong shape for your page’s layout, you can use the Edit Mask command under the Image tab in the Paintbrush menu. This lets you crop images, as well as zooming and panning the picture inside the mask. It’s a bit like moving a huge poster around outside a window, except you can alter the size of the window, and the size of the poster as well.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>3. Skim Long Documents</strong></p><p><strong><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/pages_interesting3.png" width="620" height="372" /></strong></p><p>Even with flick gestures, it could take you a long time to scroll through a big document. Thankfully, Apple has thought about this: tap and hold for a split second at the right of the screen, and up pops the navigator. Slide your finger slowly up and down the screen, and you will see thumbnails of your document’s pages to the left of your fingertip. Lift your finger to jump to the displayed page.</p> Editing iOS 7 Pages Tips tricks Tutorial word processing iPad iPhone iPod How-Tos Tue, 19 Aug 2014 21:55:41 +0000 Christian Hall 20500 at Easy Mac Hacks: Easily Encrypt PDFs <!--paging_filter--><p><em><em><img src="" width="200" height="200" class="graphic-right" /></em>Every Monday we show you how to do something quick and cool using built-in OS X utilities such as Terminal, Apple’s command line application. These easy hacks can make life better and simpler, and don’t require any knowledge of coding — all you need is a keyboard to type 'em out!<br /></em><br />Securely storing certain information in the universal PDF format can be a good thing — after all, your bank, insurance, or other personal information could be contained within PDF documents. That information, if it got into the wrong hands, could compromise your personal security. Lock down your PDF documents using this simple trick in the Preview application.</p><p><a class="thickbox" href="/files/u12635/pdf_1_0.png"><img src="/files/u12635/pdf_1_0.png" width="620" height="418" class="thickbox" /></a></p><p><a class="thickbox" href="/files/u12635/pdf_1_0.png"></a>To begin encrypting a PDF document that you've already created, open the file with the Preview application. Next, perform these steps to encrypt the PDF document that you just opened:</p><ol><li>Hold down the option key.</li><li>While holding down option, click the File menu. Note that Duplicate has changed to Save As.</li><li>Click Save As.</li><li>Check the option for Encrypt, then enter and confirm your password to encrypt the document.</li></ol><p>This is the easiest way to encrypt a PDF document that you have already created or have lying around on your disk.</p><p><a class="thickbox" href="/files/u12635/pdf_2_0.png"><img src="/files/u12635/pdf_2_0.png" width="620" height="621" style="border: 1px solid black;" class="thickbox" /></a><br /><br />The next time that you attempt to open the document with Preview, you'll see that you're now required to enter the password that you saved the document with before the contents of the PDF are visible to the reader. This adds an extra layer of security when emailing documents or storing them on an unencrypted computer.</p><p><em>Follow this articles author, <a href="" target="_blank">Cory Bohon on Twitter</a>.</em></p> Columns decrypt Easy Mac Hacks encrypt How tos Mac PDF PDFs Preview secure Security Terminal Terminal 101 Mac How-Tos Mon, 18 Aug 2014 18:25:05 +0000 Cory Bohon 20416 at Ask: Why Won't My Mac Sleep Properly? <!--paging_filter--><p>Got an Apple, Mac, or iOS tech question? We have the answer. In this week's installment of Ask, we'll take a look at issues that may prevent your Mac from properly entering sleep &nbsp;mode.</p><p><strong>Question: I have a late 2012 iMac running Mountain Lion, and I’ve been having trouble with my computer entering sleep mode recently. It’s supposed to go to sleep after 30 minutes of inactivity, but sometimes it simply doesn’t do it. Other times it wakes up from sleep mode automatically, and I come home to discover that the computer has come to life without me doing anything. Any ideas?</strong></p><p>Answer: There could be several things that are causing your Mac to wake up, or not go to sleep, and it can be a bit difficult to troubleshoot this issue to find out what that cause might be.&nbsp;</p><p>Apple does, however, provide a Knowledge Base article on the issue. This is an attempt to help users pick the solution for their particular situation and ensure that all settings are properly enabled. It should help your computer to both sleep properly and stay asleep when you want it to. Here are some of the highlights of the note:&nbsp;</p><p><strong>&gt;</strong> Energy-saving preferences could be set improperly. Ensure that when you go to System Preferences &gt; Energy Saver, that the slider for setting the computer’s sleep setting is set the way you wish.&nbsp;</p><p><strong>&gt;</strong> Other users could be waking the machine remotely using shared resources. Ensure that if you connect to your computer using network access that you disconnect in order for the computer to go to sleep. You can disable network wake by going to System Preferences &gt; Energy Saver, and unchecking the option for “Wake for Wi-Fi Network Access.”&nbsp;</p><p><strong>&gt;</strong> Bluetooth devices such as keyboards and mice can wake your computer if a key or button is pressed. Try switching off these Bluetooth peripherals when your Mac is not in use.&nbsp;</p><p>You can view the full list of troubleshooting steps by visiting <a href="" target="_blank"></a>.</p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/ask_sleep.png" width="620" height="430" /><br /><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>One solution is to disable "Wake for network access" (or "</strong></span><strong>Wake for Wi-Fi network access" on older versions of OS X)&nbsp;</strong><strong>to ensure that connected computers don’t accidentally wake your Mac.</strong></p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Ask is written by Cory Bohon, a freelance technology writer, indie Mac and iOS developer, and amateur photographer.</p><p>Got a tech question? Email</p> Ask Mountain Lion OS X Sleep Tips tricks Mac How-Tos Fri, 15 Aug 2014 17:32:24 +0000 Cory Bohon 20473 at Ask: Stop Unwanted Cloud iTunes Syncing <!--paging_filter--><p>Got an Apple, Mac, or iOS tech question? We have the answer. In this week's installment of Ask, we'll let you know how to prevent unwanted music from syncing to your iOS device from the cloud.&nbsp;</p><p><strong>Question: When I got my new iPhone 5s, I did a sync to iCloud. However, there was music on the cloud that I don’t want anymore. How can I get rid of iCloud-stored music so it doesn’t re-sync every time I sync back up with the cloud?</strong></p><p>Answer: There are two ways that music could sync to your device, and we’ll cover both of these ways and show you how to get rid of the music that has synced to your device.&nbsp;</p><p>The first way that music can get onto your device is through a feature of iTunes in the Cloud, which is that previous purchases will show up and can be streamed to your device. You are not able to get rid of music from this section since music purchased from your iTunes account is linked to your account for the life of the account. To disable iTunes in the Cloud purchases, visit Settings &gt; Music, and disable the option for “Show All Music.” Disabling this feature will ensure that all music that has been downloaded or that is stored in iCloud will no longer be shown in the Music app.&nbsp;</p><p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/icloud_music.png" width="620" height="570" /><br /><span style="font-size: x-small;"><strong>iTunes in the Cloud purchases can be disabled in settings.</strong></span></p><p>Another feature that could be at issue is iTunes Match. This paid feature allows music that you’ve stored in your iTunes library on your computer to sync over the air to your iOS devices. This option can be disabled By going back into Settings &gt; Music, and disabling iTunes Match.&nbsp;</p><p>This will, of course, cause all songs (not just the ones that you don’t like) to stop showing in the Music app. At this point, unfortunately, Apple does not provide finer-grained controls for picking which music is synced to your mobile devices through iTunes Match.</p><p>Ask is written by Cory Bohon, a freelance technology writer, indie Mac and iOS developer, and amateur photographer.</p><p>Got a tech question? Email <a href="" target="_blank"></a>.</p> Ask cloud iCould iTunes Music Sync Tips tricks iPad iPhone iPod How-Tos Fri, 08 Aug 2014 17:05:00 +0000 Cory Bohon 20440 at How to Secure Your Mac <!--paging_filter--><p>When you first set up your Mac, the only security measure that’s enforced is that you add a password to your user account. The Setup Assistant makes no mention of extra measures you might want to enable, even though several are built into OS X. The features we’re about to look at are defenses against local attacks, rather than protection against online attacks. The measures are particularly important if you work in an open environment, such as a library, an office, or a café, and if your Mac is stolen, because they help to keep your data under lock and key.</p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/securemac_main.png" width="620" height="512" /></p><p>One thing that isn’t covered here is FileVault, which encrypts everything on your Mac so it’s unreadable to anyone who doesn’t have your password. It’s what you might call a nuclear option, though, and carries a risk: if you lose both your password and backup recovery key, which lets you reset your password, you’re forever locked out of your files. You can store your recovery key with Apple, but three questions must be answered precisely for access, so this also carries a risk. FileVault is extremely secure, but its seriousness means we don’t recommend it for everyone.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>1. Turn Off Automatic Login</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/secure_01.png" width="620" height="371" /></p><p>Automatically logging into a user account on startup is risky. After holding down the power button to turn off the Mac, a restart is all you need to gain access. Automatic login can be disabled under Login Options in the “Users &amp; Groups” preferences pane.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>2. Obfuscate Login Details</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/secure_02.png" width="620" height="373" /></p><p>The login window shows account names by default, leaving passwords to be input. Under Login Options, switch to “Name and password” so both details need to be entered. Changing Fast User Switching to show an icon stops names being read from the screen.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>3. Restrict Your Abilities</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/secure_03.png" /></p><p>Daily, it’s safer to use a Standard account, but an admin is needed for system changes. Create a new admin in the Users &amp; Groups pane, log out, then into the new account. Select your regular account and clear "Allow user to administer..." to reduce its rights.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>4. Fully Protect</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/secure_04-fullyqt.png" width="620" height="386" /></p><p>To protect critical settings, log in from an Administrator account, open the Security &amp; Privacy pane, click General, then click the Advanced button and ensure "Require an administrator password to access system-wide preferences" is checked.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>5. Request Password to Wake</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/secure_05.png" width="620" height="394" /></p><p>Waking a Mac from sleep gives access to whatever account was left signed in. Under “General” in the Security &amp; Privacy pane, turn on the option that requires a password to wake, and set how soon it’s needed. Longer than the “5 seconds” option is risky.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>6. Tighten Keychain Security</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/secure_06.png" width="620" height="347" /></p><p>Your password also protects your Keychain, giving access to its contents to Safari’s AutoFill feature, for example, just by logging in. To require separate consent, open Keychain Access, right-click “login” in the Keychain list and choose “Change Password...”</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>7. Sharing Services</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/secure_07-sharingqt.png" width="620" height="416" /></p><p>Features in the Sharing pane allow you to log into a Mac remotely or simply copy files. In particular, review the options under Screen Sharing and File Sharing to ensure your Mac and its contents can’t be accessed by just anyone connected to the same network.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>8. Lock the Keychain</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/secure_08.png" width="620" height="367" /></p><p>In the same menu, choose “Change Settings...” for options that lock the Keychain upon sleep or after inactivity. In the app’s preferences, you can add a menu bar icon to show Keychain status and to lock it. When locked, system services may prompt you for access.&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>9. An Unplugged Hole</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/secure_09.png" width="620" height="420" /></p><p>Without a firmware password, Recovery Mode gives the unfettered ability to reset any account’s password from Terminal. The Keychain password is unaltered by this, so an intruder won’t be able to read website logins, but they will have access to local files. That's why you should set a firmware password, as detailed in the next step.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>10. Set a Firmware Password</strong></p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/secure_10.png" width="620" height="315" /></p><p>Restart your Mac and hold Command + R at the chime. Choose Utilities &gt; Firmware Password Utility from the top bar. Set a password and don’t forget it — you’ll need it on rare occasions such as restoring your Mac from Time Machine, and to use other startup key combinations.</p> OS X password Security Tips tricks Mac How-Tos Wed, 06 Aug 2014 00:06:36 +0000 Alan Stonebridge 20429 at Easy Mac Hacks: Stop Power Button from Activating Sleep <!--paging_filter--><p><em><img src="/files/u12635/easy_mac_hacks_icon_flat_12.png" width="200" height="200" class="graphic-right" />Every Monday we show you how to do something quick and cool using built-in OS X utilities such as Terminal, Apple’s command line application. These easy hacks can make life better and simpler, and don’t require any knowledge of coding — all you need is a keyboard to type 'em out!<br /></em><br />Have you ever accidentally pressed the power button on your MacBook, only to find that you now have to go through the process of awakening your computer? While your Mac will awaken faster than any other computer on the planet, it's still an annoying process. Fortunately, you can change the behavior of the power button so that it displays a dialog instead of powering down your computer. Continue reading to learn how to do this.</p><p><img src="/files/u12635/sleep_1_0.png" width="620" height="381" class="thickbox" /><br />In order to change the power-button behavior, you'll want to open the Terminal application (located in /Applications/Utilities), then type in the following command, followed by the enter key:</p><pre>defaults write PowerButtonSleepsSystem -bool no</pre><p>When you enter this command, you'll want to restart your Mac to ensure this new preference is loaded into the system.<br /><br />Once entered and restarted, whenever you press the power button on your Mac for a second or two, you'll be prompted to specify whether you want to sleep, restart, shut down, or cancel. No longer will your Mac choose to sleep automatically.</p><p><img src="/files/u332541/2014/08/shutdowndialogue.png" /></p><p>If you decide that you no longer wish to have your Mac do this, then you can easily reverse the command by opening the Terminal and typing in this command:</p><pre>defaults write PowerButtonSleepsSystem -bool yes</pre><div><a class="thickbox" href="/files/u12635/sleep_2_0.png"><img src="/files/u12635/sleep_2_0.png" width="620" height="388" class="thickbox" /></a></div><p><a class="thickbox" href="/files/u12635/sleep_2_0.png"></a>When you restart, your Mac will be returned to its normal behavior, automatically putting the system to sleep when the power button has been pressed.</p><p><br /><em>Follow this articles author, <a href="" target="_blank">Cory Bohon on Twitter</a>.</em></p> Columns Easy Mac Hacks How to Mac notify Options power button press Sleep Terminal Terminal 101 Mac How-Tos Mon, 04 Aug 2014 18:10:06 +0000 Cory Bohon 20415 at